Bionic Machinery Black Technology from Germany—— The real black Technology
FESTO is a German enterprise with high attainments in automation technology and bionic technology, especially in the field of bionics. It was founded by Albert FEZER and Gottlieb Stoll in 1925. The company’s name was formed by the merger of the English letters Fe and STO in the names of the two founders.
The original product of FESTO is woodworking machinery, and the brand of woodworking tools is Festool. The business scope includes woodworking tools, automobile tools, rotary polishing machines, mobile dust collectors and building coating products. FESTO first realized the importance of pneumatic to industrial automation in the 1950s, and became a leader in the field of pneumatic automation in the world.
Bionic machinery is a kind of machinery with more concentrated functions, higher efficiency and biological characteristics, which is designed and manufactured by imitating the biological form, structure and control principle. The discipline that studies bionic machinery is called bionic mechanics. It is a marginal discipline formed by the mutual penetration and combination of biology, biomechanics, medicine, mechanical engineering, cybernetics and electronic technology in the late 1960s. The main research fields of bionic machinery include biomechanics, control body and robot.
FESTO company of Germany is famous for all kinds of lifelike robot animals in the world. Recently, a robot bat has been developed. It is difficult to tell the true from the false. Its prototype is the largest bat in the world: the fox bat. Its joints and wing membranes are identical to the body structure of the real fox bat–Bionic Machinery Black Technology
The two wings of the robot bat are 228cm wide and 87cm long. It is very large. With the help of the motion tracking system, the flight path can be planned to fly freely in a specific space.
The robot bat is made by 3D printing of elastic fiber material. It can fly in the air like a real bat. The fox bat is the largest bat in the world. It mainly pushes its body to fly in the air by waving its wings. Its wing membrane plays a key role in the flight process. This kind of wing membrane is composed of light elastic materials and has many similar characteristics with bird feathers.
In order to achieve a fine degree, engineers created its overall structure with carbon rods, and successfully 3D printed its mechanical structure with highly elastic materials.
Equipped with motors, infrared receiving devices and electronic components, the 3D printing robot bat can perform various flight missions according to the flight routes preset by engineers.
The bionic robot swallow developed by FESTO has been developed by technicians through careful observation of the wings of birds in nature. The bionic swallow is agile, flexible, circular flying and 180 degree sharp turning. Five bionic robot swallows can determine the airspace by communicating with each other based on wireless indoor GPS, and can pass smoothly and autonomously–Bionic Machinery Black Technology.
The robot butterflies developed by FESTO look as light as real butterflies. With the cooperation of various communication technologies, sensors and GPS, many robot butterflies fly slowly in the same space without colliding with each other.
Each butterfly bionic robot can operate independently, adjust itself through independently controlled wings, and fly according to the pre programmed route. They are equipped with many infrared sensors to avoid collision during flight. The wingspan is 50cm long, the body weight is only 32g, the wings swing 1-2 times per second, the speed can reach 2.5m/s, and the flight can last 3 to 4 minutes after each charge.
FESTO’s original bionic animal was a bionic fish named airacuda. The early bionic animal robots were still rough in appearance.
Relying on pneumatic tendons, this robot bionic fish can swim around vividly. Its head has a vacuum air chamber, so that it can not only swing its tail flexibly, but also float and sink.
Later FESTO made a bionic flounder, and the shape of the fish is quite lifelike.
Bionic jellyfish with helium filled spheres as the main body. It can move freely in the water and fly to the sky.
There is also a bionic penguin that can fly to the sky. It has built-in self-determination system, which can navigate and locate itself according to the water flow direction. Its built-in 3D sonar system can rely on sound waves to sense the position of other penguins and prevent them from colliding with them.
When it comes to “flying into the sky”, of course there are bionic birds! FESTO scientists developed this SmartBird bionic bird after deciphering the principle of bird flight.
SmartBird can perfectly simulate the flight state of birds, even making it difficult to distinguish the true from the false. Like normal birds, they rely on their wings to provide flight power. Their wings can not only flap up and down, but also twist at a certain angle, and even their heads can rotate at all angles.
In addition to bionic birds, FESTO scientists have also created bionic dragonflies. This bionicopter robot, which looks like a dragonfly, has all the characteristics of a dragonfly, can fly or hover freely in the air, and can make quite complex flight movements. This is the real future aircraft!
Bionicopter has become the first robot that can simulate the flight status of helicopters, winged aircraft and gliders. Although its design is extremely complex, users can easily control it with smart phones to complete complex flight tasks such as deceleration flight, sudden steering, and even reverse flight.
In addition to swimming in the water and flying in the sky, FESTO also created a land running: bionic kangaroo. Bionic kangaroo almost completely replicates kangaroo’s bouncing Kung Fu. Friends who have some knowledge of robots know that it is very difficult to make robots jump.
But this bionic kangaroo can complete continuous jumping and even jump over obstacles 40 cm high. Because of its unique power storage function, it can collect energy from the last jump to prepare for the next jump. If the user wears the matching bracelet, he can directly control the kangaroo with gestures.
The bionic kangaroo developed by FESTO has almost completely copied the kangaroo’s bouncing Kung Fu. With only a small piece of battery and a spring mechanism on its legs, the kangaroo can jump up and down immediately.
Among them, complex sensors, connecting rod structures and high-pressure inflatable tanks used as “muscles” are used.
In addition to the above mentioned, the most eye popping thing is this group of 3D printed bionic ants. Their heads are equipped with cameras, and their abdomens are equipped with sensors. They can carry out infrared navigation at any time. The antennae are antennas. When the power is almost gone, they will climb to recharge themselves at the first time. What’s more, when carrying heavy objects, they will give play to the “ant spirit” and collectively mobilize and cooperate
The size of robot ants is similar to that of adult palms and much larger than real ants. They are printed in 3D. The head and the whole body are covered with circuits. Ceramic actuators are used in the mouth pliers and leg claws, which can move quickly and accurately.
Each ant is a member of the “bionic network”. Through wireless network communication, multiple ants can work together to move heavier objects. The ant is also equipped with conductive wires, which can automatically charge by pressing itself onto the power supply.
The bionic jellyfish aquajelly is an automatic control system that simulates the floating behavior. It is composed of a transparent hemisphere and eight dynamic tentacles. In the middle is a waterproof laser sintered body, including a central electric motor, two lithium-ion polymer batteries, a rechargeable control unit and a servo motor for the impact plate.
The flexibility and convenience of bionic jellyfish reflect the research results of artificial intelligence, and will have broad application prospects in the fields of seabed exploration, aerospace and so on.
Another new spider robot, bionicwheelbot, is more interesting. Its prototype is the Moroccan backward turning spider. In order to adapt to the life in the desert environment, it has a unique way of walking, moving through the combination of air turning and ground rolling. Such a driving mode is of great significance in bionics.
In tumble mode, the artificial spider, like the Moroccan backflip spider in nature, can move faster than when walking. The robot can even cope with slopes as high as 5%.
This bionic Octopus tentacle is attached with a sucker like a real Octopus tentacle. The whole body adopts soft silica gel structure that can be pneumatically driven.
The built-in vacuum tube can independently provide adsorption kinetic energy and easily complete grasping, grasping and other actions.
At present, FESTO has created dozens of robotic creatures–Bionic Machinery Black Technology, and human beings can no longer stop their pace of “Genesis”.